Trump’s Federal and State Charges; What’s the Difference?
An arraignment, which follows an indictment, is the court appearance where charges are read and rights are presented. Trump’s federal and state charges, brought by the Manhattan district attorney, and once on federal charges brought by a special counsel on behalf of the Justice Department.
The New York arraignment involved charges of falsifying business records related to “hush money” payments made to Stormy Daniels. Trump was charged with 34 counts, while the second indictment in Miami revealed 37 counts against him for alleged mishandling of sensitive documents. The Miami indictment accuses Trump of obstructing the FBI and grand jury investigations and concealing classified documents.
While the arraignment process is similar in state and federal cases, there are some differences. Trump did not undergo a “perp walk” or have his booking photo taken during his New York arraignment, and the same may happen in Miami.
Trump’s lawyers are expected to waive the reading of charges and enter a plea of “not guilty,” as they did in the New York case. Bail is not anticipated, but the court may impose restrictions, although they are likely to be minimal due to Trump’s presidential candidacy.
Trump’s Federal and State Charges; Other Differences
The charges in the two cases also differ. The New York charges were for falsifying business records, which are typically misdemeanors but were elevated to felonies due to intent and election law violations. The federal charges in Miami are more serious, including obstruction of justice and conspiracy counts.
The punishment for retaining classified documents alone could result in four to five years in prison, but additional counts could lead to a longer sentence.
The federal case may progress faster due to the Speedy Trial Act, but its complexity makes the timeline uncertain. The severity of the crimes and the amount of evidence amassed in the federal case distinguish it from the New York charges.
The alleged mishandling of classified documents directly impacts Trump’s ability to serve as a public servant and potentially jeopardizes national security.
As the legal proceedings unfold, the distinctions between the New York and New Jersey cases will become more apparent. The outcome will depend on the evidence presented, the decisions of the court, and the application of the law.